Oil traded near $52 a barrel as OPEC reported record compliance with pledged production cuts and U.S. drilling slowed again.
December futures were little-changed in New York. OPEC and its partners including Russia achieved a record-high level of compliance to output cuts during September, according to a statement on Saturday. In the U.S., drillers reduced the rig count for a third week to the lowest since June, according to Baker Hughes.
Oil is holding a second week of gains after the strongest signal yet that the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries will extend supply curbs until the end of 2018. Tensions in Iraq, where the army has been retaking areas around Kirkuk from Kurdish forces, also helped to support prices the past week as pipeline flows from the region were disrupted.
“The lower U.S. rig count number, the OPEC compliance number and the geopolitical headlines from northern Iraq and Iran on sanctions have helped futures higher,” Ole Hansen, head of commodity strategy at Saxo Bank A/S said. “But there are signs the market could be weakening with the seasonal refinery demand slowdown.”
West Texas Intermediate for December delivery gained 23 cents to $52.07 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange at 1:22 p.m. London time. Total volume traded was about 20 percent below the 100-day average. The November contract expired Friday after gaining 0.4 percent to $51.47.
Brent for December settlement fell 11 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $57.64 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. Prices rose 1 percent last week, a second weekly gain. The global benchmark crude traded at a premium of $5.57 to WTI.
One sign that demand could be weakening is the Brent market structure known as backwardation — when prompt prices are more expensive than later-dated futures — which isn’t as strong as a month ago, said Hansen.
Compliance with the OPEC-led cuts was 120 percent last month, according to the group’s Joint Ministerial Monitoring Committee. Commercial oil stocks in members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development fell further in the month and now stand at 159 million barrels above the five-year average, the JMMC said.
Noble Group Ltd. agreed to sell most of its oil business to Vitol Group, the independent trading house. Crude flows to the Turkish port of Ceyhan from northern Iraq rose to 254,000 barrels a day, according to a port agent report. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson called on European governments to join U.S.-led sanctions against Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps, saying that countries doing business with the nation’s force do so at their own risk.