Other major changes include the departure of Marc Garneau as the nation’s foreign minister, replaced by Montreal lawmaker Melanie Joly.
Trudeau announced last month that his closest confidante, Chrystia Freeland, was staying on as finance minister and deputy prime minister.
The cabinet shuffle comes after Trudeau secured a third mandate in the Sept. 20 vote, but failed to regain a parliamentary majority. For a second straight election, the Liberals lost the popular vote to the Conservatives even as they won a plurality of seats.
That hasn’t stopped Trudeau from claiming he received a strong mandate to push ahead with his agenda, starting with climate change and energy policy.
Jonathan Wilkinson, who was at environment, is taking over the natural resource department that oversees the nation’s oil sector. One of his first responsibilities will be to spearhead a Liberal campaign promise to oblige oil companies to slash emissions.
Guilbeault takes his new post after two years at the heritage department, where he was responsible for a plan to regulate social media and streaming services like Facebook Inc. and Netflix Inc. Pablo Rodriguez was named to that role.
Economist Jean-Yves Duclos replaces Patty Hajdu at health, as the country grapples with a fourth wave of Covid-19 cases. And in a nod to the affordabilty concerns that were a key campaign issue, Ahmed Hussen becomes housing minister.
Trudeau maintained gender parity at the cabinet table, as he has throughout his tenure as prime minister.