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Oil Steady After Six-Day Slide Amid Tighter Supply, Demand Fears


By Sharon Cho and Grant Smith

(Bloomberg) Oil steadied after sliding for six days in a row as signs of tighter supply in the U.S. and OPEC jostled with ongoing concern that a fragile global economy is eroding fuel demand.

Futures held near $54 a barrel in New York after falling 8.6% since Sept. 23. The American Petroleum Institute reported that U.S. crude inventories fell by 5.9 million barrels last week, according to people familiar with the data. The government’s Energy Information Administration will release official figures later on Wednesday and analysts surveyed by Bloomberg predict an increase.

OPEC's output in September fell to lowest since May 2009

Crude prices are now below where they were before the Sept. 14 attacks on Saudi Arabia that temporarily halved the kingdom’s production. The strikes slashed daily output from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries by 1.6 million barrels a day last month, the biggest drop in 16 years, according to a Bloomberg survey. Meanwhile, a U.S. manufacturing gauge that fell to a 10-year low is adding to pessimism over the demand outlook.

“Crude markets remain tight, but the dominating force right now is simply the gloomy economic-demand outlook,” analysts at consultant JBC Energy GmbH said. The oil market has “so many things to worry about.”

West Texas Intermediate for November delivery rose 19 cents, or 0.4%, to $53.81 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange as of 8:42 a.m. local time. It closed down 0.8% on Tuesday after losing 7.5% in the third quarter.

Brent for December settlement gained 6 cents, or 0.1%, to $58.95 a barrel on the ICE Futures Europe Exchange after slipping 0.6% on Tuesday. The global benchmark crude traded at a $5.23 premium to WTI for the same month.

If the API figures are confirmed by the EIA data, it will be the first drop in U.S. stockpiles in three weeks. A Bloomberg survey of 12 analysts sees an increase in inventories of 2 million barrels in the week ended Sept. 27.

The 1.6 million-barrel-a-day slump in OPEC output in September was the biggest month-on-month decline since labor strikes briefly paralyzed Venezuela’s oil industry in 2002. Saudi production fell by 1.47 million barrels a day to 8.36 million, the lowest average monthly output since 2010.

Other oil-market news:
  • Ecuador, one of OPEC’s smallest producers, said it will leave the cartel in January as it wants to boost oil revenues as the group limits output.
  • Russia’s average daily oil output still exceeded its OPEC+ target in September even after producers made deeper cuts from a month earlier.
  • Crude supplies from OPEC’s Middle East exporters fell to their lowest level since OPEC+ output cuts were introduced in 2017 after an attack on Saudi oil facilities halted more than half the nation’s production, tanker-tracking data show.
  • For all its woes, shale is still the growth engine of the oil and natural gas industry and discoveries elsewhere are at the lowest in seven decades, an IHS Markit Ltd. study found.


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